newar caste surnames

November 5, 2020 No comments exist

[17] The Brahmins are higher in caste status than the king not because they are more powerful, but because of their superior ritual status. Marriage is, as a rule, patrilocal and monogamous. This latter group may consider all Newar people to be equally Matawali, essentially placing all upper-caste Newars in the Vaishya varna and lower-caste Newars among the clean Shudras, but this has never been the perception of the Newars themselves, especially among high-caste Newars.[5][12]. Some also claim to have been descended from those Brahmins who came to Nepal as late as 17th CE as respected guests and royal priests of the Malla kings. Required fields are marked *. This term has also been traditionally used as synonymous to the Tamangs whose habitat has been the surrounding areas of the Valley. Below is a list of 26 Newar castes, their sub-caste groups and clans, along with their traditionals occupations and the most common surnames in their respective hierarchical positions. [6] This group include among them highly differentiated and specialized castes—agriculturalists, farmers, potters, painters, dyers, florists, butchers, tailors, cleaners, etc.—métiers needed in the daily lives of the Newars or for their cultural or ritual needs. The most common Newari surnames could be Shrestha, Manandhar, Shakya etc but you might be surprised to know there are more than 115 surnames in this caste.

[20], 5. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a988450229bee698334eb274183c8c5f" );document.getElementById("f8fb1894f0").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); All other Mongoloid groups would have been generally placed in caste-status accorded to the "Sae(n)". ➤ Social Media Management [4] Jyapu and lower clean occupational groups accept water as well as boiled rice and lentils from them.

If you love reading our post, support us to keep it up. Members of this group are touchable and water acceptable.

Such a division of people created a rift in the society which has rendered the mention of caste as a taboo. [16] They are the purohits or family priests. Even though Gorkhalis saw them as part of the 'defeated' aristocracy of the Malla kingdoms, they went on to form the core of the ruling administrative elite of the new Nepali state till the end of Rana regime in 1951 A.D. [10], Irrespective of the Newars' own complex and much elaborate social stratification, the legal code "Muluki Ain", promulgated in January 1854 A.D. by the new Rana regime, classified the entire Newar community as a single "enslavable alcohol-drinking" caste. Maithil Brahmins or colloquially Tirhute Brahmin with surnames Jhā and Miśra serve as temple priests and are later additions to the Newar nation, their population being slightly less than that of the Rajopadhyaya Brahmins.

The Bajracharyas, who belong to the first group, are placed at the top of the hierarchy among the Buddhamargi Newars. The Newar are divided into hierarchical clan groups by occupational caste, readily identified by surnames. Similarly, the Buddhamargi castes can be broadly divided into four major groups, viz.

[6] The division into Hindu and Buddhist castes has not been regarded by Newars as a serious cleavage since both groups share the same basic values and social practices and are in close accord with their underlying religious philosophy. ➤ Expert in IT, Worked As:

Surname > Caste/Community/Ethnicity > Clan/Sub-caste/Gotra 1. They are the indigenous people of the Kathmandu valley the and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic civilization.

They were the primary carriers of trade between Nepal and Tibet.[6]. Their upper status is maintained by their exclusive entitlement to secret Tantric initiation rites (āgama and diksha rituals) which cannot be conducted on castes other than the three upper varnas. [11] The most drastic change came only as late as 1935 A.D. during Juddha Shamsher's reign when amendments were made in the old legal code as a result of years of lobbying that granted the Rajopadhyayas the status of Upadhyaya Brahmans, and the Chatharīya Śreṣṭha the status of "pure" Kshatriya, enlisting these two Newar castes in the pan-Nepal tagadhari caste of "dwija" status. Even Newar Brahmins who had been serving as priests for Newars lost ritual status vis-a-vis the "Hill Brahman", the Parbate Bahuns, of the Khas people community. [6] Exclusive religious preference largely disappears from this occupational caste which consists of people who numerically form the majority population among the Newars —the farmers and agriculturalists— and are collectively called the Jyapu. Urāy or Udās, consists of nine main subgroups, viz Tuladhar, Bania, Kansakar, Tamo (Tamrakar), Sthapit, Shikhrakar, Silakār, Selālik, Sindurākār etc. Other rules further restrict social intermingling between the castes, but they tend to be treated more casually.[2]. Bhā (Karanjit), Sāyami (Manandhar), Kāu (Nakarmi), Nāu (Nāpit), Chitrakār, Ranjitkar, Khusa (Tandukar), Balami, among others. [15] The residual group, neither Khae(n) nor Sae(n), are Muslims and Westerners and these are generally treated as untouchable by the highest levels, and water-unacceptable by those below them.[4]. Suryabinayak – Bhaktapur, Nepal. Through their community organisations, they increasingly speak on behalf of all Newars. Among others, the Jyapus were turned into Shudra class-caste category during the Malla period. Of these four groups, the first two form the core of the Buddhamargi Newars.

Starting of with the government and other foreign statistical evidence available of Nepal’s caste and ethnic structures and their size, I took the sample size of over 50,000 people from the various Facebook groups which were primarily ethnicity-based groups. Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. These notable exceptions came from the Kshatriya-status Chatharīya clans like the Pradhan, Rajbhandari, Joshi, Mathéma, among others, who did reach high administrative and military positions in the new Gorkhali administration.

They accord both the groups with the collective status of 'Srēṣṭha' or 'Sya:sya' because of their common socio-cultural and upper-caste and class identifier as the chief landlord/patron Hindu group. First introduced at the time of the Licchavis (A.D. 300 – c. 879), the Newar caste system assumed its present shape during the medieval Malla period (A.D. Various existing and immigrant population of Kathmandu Valley have assimilated among the four varnas accordingly. 2. [2] The social structure of Newars is unique as it is the last remaining example of a pre-Islamic North Indic civilisation in which Buddhist elements enjoy equal status with the Brahmanic elements. Historic records show that Maithil Brahmin and Kānyakubja Brahmin were invited by various Malla kings as their royal priests and advisors. [9], Newars were not admitted in the army till 1951 A.D. -the year when the festival of Indra Jatra discontinued to be celebrated as "the Victory Day"— commemorating the conquest of the valley by the Gorkhali army. Caste endogamy, however, which has been one of the main methods of maintaining status in India, is not strictly observed in Nepal by either the Newars or the Khasas. For more details, please visit my Facebook Brand Page, LinkedIn Profile, FAQ Page, or GitHub Page (Links Given Below) , Your email address will not be published. The dozens of noble and ruling Maithil clans (present day Chatharīya Srēṣṭha) who came along ruling kings or as part of their nobility (most notably with Maithili Karnata King Hari Simha Deva (c. 1324 CE) were also assimilated in the Newar nation in the Kshatriya varna. One of dominant ethnic groups of Nepal, Newar is the indigenous group of Kathmandu valley that used to make almost the entire population of the valley before the Shah invasion in 1968. Srēṣṭha also maintain their superior status over others with the claim that they firmly belong to the mainstream Brahmanic Hindu cultural world than the Jyāpu and others, and are in much more intimate contact with the Brahmans. ➤ Music Nepal (Current Working Office) [11], As a consequence, among the Newars, caste has become more complex and stratified than among the non-Newar group. 1. Higher castes are supposed to be 'more pure' because they celebrate more ceremonies and observe more rites of purification and because events such as births and death defile them for longer periods of time than they do Jyāpu agriculturists and other service providers. [6] This is followed by the Hindu Kshatriya nobility (Chatharīya Srēṣṭha) and the Vaishya merchant and traders castes. The Sae(n) were generally treated as water-unacceptable by Brahmans. The Chatharīya and Pañcthariya accept water and all foods except boiled rice and lentils from them. ➤ Social Media Manager The Rajopadhyayas speak Newari language and were historically the raj-purohitas and gurus of the Licchavi and Malla kings. ➤ Midas, etc. Your email address will not be published.

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